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    “小友人画廊”刷爆朋友圈,但你真的懂得自闭症吗?

    时间:2017-10-04 17:50来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
    “小朋友画廊”刷爆朋友圈,但你真的懂得自闭症吗? 前两天,你的友人圈被这些画刷屏了吗? 这是腾讯公益平台中一个名为“用艺术点亮生命”的慈悲项目。用户可以在“小朋友画廊”H5页面观赏并购买25位“小朋友”的画作。 Altogether, 36 works of art were av
    “小朋友画廊”刷爆朋友圈,但你真的懂得自闭症吗?

    前两天,你的友人圈被这些画刷屏了吗?

    这是腾讯公益平台中一个名为“用艺术点亮生命”的慈悲项目。用户可以在“小朋友画廊”H5页面观赏并购买25位“小朋友”的画作。

    Altogether, 36 works of art were available from artists 11 to 37 years old, and buyers could save a digital copy.
    页面中总共有36副画作,作者年纪在11到37岁之间,购买者可以将电子画保留在手机里。

    The works were painted by autistic people and sold via Tencent's charitable platform. Money collected will be donated to a project called "Enlighten life with art", which aims to eliminate social prejudice and help people with disabilities such as autism, cerebral palsy and Down syndrome.
    这些画均由自闭症患者绘制,并经过腾讯公益平台出卖。所得钱款将捐献给“用艺术点亮性命”名目,该项目旨在打消社会成见,辅助有自闭症、脑瘫以及唐氏综合征等精力阻碍的患者。

    用户购置画作后,能够经过H5给这群特别的“小朋友”文字留言激励和支撑他们,还能听到作者的灌音。


    Many WeChat users shared their newly bought paintings on their personal pages. Some even changed their phone's wallpaper.
    许多微信誉户在朋友圈分享他们新买的画。有人甚至把它们设为手机壁纸。

    腾讯公益称,用户每购买一副画,就相称于向“用艺术点亮生命”公益项目停止馈赠。该项目自8月17日发起以来,已筹得善款超越1500万元。

    Donations since the project began totaled more than 15 million yuan. About 5.8 million people participated.
    该项目自发动以来取得的捐钱曾经超越1500万元,约有580万人参加此中。

    By noon on Tuesday, 2 million people had participated and donated 8.4 million yuan. The donation page was closed at 4 pm after the target of 15 million yuan was reached.
    截至29日半夜前,有两百万人介入活动,捐款达840万元。在完成1500万元的筹款目的后,捐款页面于当日下战书4点封闭。

    这项公益活动激发了宏大的社会反应,用一种颇具创意的方法叫醒了普通人对自闭症患者的存眷。

    据2015年宣布的《中国自闭症教导痊愈行业开展状态讲演》显示,自上世纪以来,自闭症在中国阅历了由常见病到风行病的改变;中国自闭症患病率和世界其他国度类似,约为1%,自闭症患者已超1000万,0到14岁的儿童患者达200余万。



    自闭症患者被称为“星星的孩子”,因为就像天上的星星一样,他们一直活在本人的世界里,单独闪耀。他们有目力却不肯与人对视,有言语才能却很难沟通交换,由于无奈与外界接触而广泛缺少社会的懂得跟关爱。

    固然自闭症人群日益增添,但大众对这个群体堪称知之甚少。

    明天,咱们就为大师科普一下自闭症。

    ? 自闭症就是害臊、不爱说话吗?

    自闭症,全名自闭症谱系障碍(Autism Spectrum Disorder),涵盖自闭症和阿斯伯格综合征,是一组庞杂的脑发育障碍,表现为社交沟通互动能力缺掉,以及无限、反复的兴致和运动。

    Autism Spectrum Disorder affects how people communicate with and relate to others. This isn't the same as being shy or not knowing what to say.
    自闭症谱系障碍会影响患者与他人的沟通相处。这和害臊以及不会聊天有关。

    Most people with autism don't understand some of the basic social conventions that others take for granted. 
    普通人会想当然地接收基础的社会社交风俗,但是大少数自闭症患者却无法理解。

    They might have trouble making eye contact, holding a conversation, or recognizing gestures.
    他们可能无法停止眼神交流、与别人对话或理解社交手势的意义。

    Over one-third of people with ASD are nonverbal, meaning they don't use speech.
    1/3的自闭症患者不必言语沟通,也就是说,他们不谈话。

    Along with communication issues, people with autism often like to follow certain patterns or repeated behaviors. 
    除了交流障碍之外,自闭症患者还爱好遵守某种特定的形式或重复的行为。

    Many have a sensitivity to bright light or loud noises, and others have physical problems, like trouble walking or picking up small objects. 
    很多患者对强光或乐音敏感,或有其他心理成绩,好比举动或捡货色时不便利。

    ? 自闭症能治愈吗?


    因为自闭症的病症有良多种,不哪两个自闭症患者的情形是雷同的,所以从前他们常常被诊断为其余病,比方:阿斯伯格综合征。

    这种病的患者会对某个话题尤为沉迷,不懂社交举措的暗示,或许不睬解什么是恰当的社交行动。

    In 2013, the scientists realized that the boundary between Asperger Syndrome and some of the other disorders was fuzzy, so they decided to put them all under one name.
    2013年,科学家们发明阿斯伯格综合征和其他某些精神障碍辨别起来很艰苦,所以决议将他们归为一类疾病。

    由此一来,确认自闭症就愈加轻易了,这种归类意思深远,因为越早确诊,患者就能越早失掉赞助。

    In fact, many children who have autism will show signs by two years old, including not responding to their name, avoiding eye contact and flapping their hands or rocking repeatedly.
    现实上,很多自闭症患儿在两岁时就会露出出自闭偏向,比如对自己的名字没有反映、防止眼神接触以及甩手或不断摇晃。

    自闭症诊断春秋平均在5-7岁之间。只管自闭症无法完整治愈,但心思征询和药物治疗可以帮助患者停止调理,科学家们也在经过临床实验寻觅其他疗法。

    ? 为什么会得自闭症,www.788.net

    今朝,迷信家们还不明白自闭症真正的致病起因。

    Autism is over four times more common in boys than girls, and most scientists think genes play a role because it often runs in families.
    自闭症在男孩中的发病率是女孩的4倍,年夜少数科学家以为自闭症与基因有关,因为这种疾病凡是是家族性的。

    Some people with ASD have abnormal chromosomes but this can't be the whole story. There are people with the same gene changes who don't have autism.
    一些自闭症患者占有非正常染色体,但我们不克不及就此混为一谈。因为有些拥有异样非畸形染色体的人却没有自闭症。

    Other possible causes include having older parents, being exposed to high levels of testosterone in the womb, and having complications during pregnancy or birth.
    其他可能的病因包含,胎儿诞生时怙恃年纪过高,在子宫内接触的睾酮含量过高,或母亲在怀孕出产时期,胎儿呈现并发症。

    It may even have something to do with gut bacteria, since many autistic people have gastrointestinal issues.
    自闭症甚至可能和肠道细菌有关,因为许多自闭症患者都有肠胃成绩。

    But mostly, it's a combination of many factors. 
    但自闭症重要仍是由多项要素招致的。

    ? 不是每一个自闭症患者都是天才!

    自闭症题材的影视作品不在多数。片子《雨人》中,配角的哥哥就是一个领有超强记忆力的自闭症患者,《心灵捕手》中噤若寒蝉的数学蠢才也患有自闭症……

    这些荧幕抽象仿佛让民众感到,自闭症患者往往在某些方面存在超人的才干,但现实真的是这样吗?

    Some have intellectual disabilities, but above half have average or above average IQs.

    一些自闭症患者存在智力成绩,但一半以上的患者智商处于均匀程度,或高于凡人。

    It's also common for people with autism to have a great long-term memory for certain details, and many excel in math, science, music or arts.
    异样常看法,自闭症患者会对一些细节拥有强盛的临时记忆,许多患者尤其善于数学、科学、音乐或艺术。

    然而,自闭症人群并不必定在某方面有过人的禀赋,www.788.net,很多自闭症患者并没有特殊能力,甚至智商低于常人。

    这种精神疾病给他们的学业、任务、社交带来了伟大的负面影响,限度了他们参与社会及日常活动的能力。

    对于一些轻度自闭症患者来说,他们可以在晚期干涉的帮助下找到自力生涯及任务的方式,但更多的自闭症患者则毕生须要他人照顾。

    自闭症确实证率正在逐年进步,但这并不象征着这种病越来越遍及。相反,这是因为越来越多的人意识到了自闭症的存在,并尽早失掉了确诊。

    提高对自闭症的认识至关主要,因为患者越早被确诊,就能越早对症医治。更重要的是,看待自闭症患者,www.788.net,我们要赐与他们与一般人等同的尊敬、公正与机遇。如许才干帮助他们顺应社会,安康生长。

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